Student must have taken World History, but not received credit.

Course Description:

This learning recovery course allows students to pretest and identify specific content areas within the course to complete with the support of the teacher. Entire course is offered online and does not require the student to attend the class in person. A two week extension is available for students who may require more flexibility to complete the program. It is the responsibility of the student to determine their school’s acceptance of VTVLC credit for credit recovery. Refunds will only be granted PRIOR to the course start date of 6/28/17.

Topics & Concepts:

Module 1:

  • describe the growth and division of the Roman Empire
  • locate the extent of Byzantine territory at the height of the empire
  • compare and contrast the three monotheistic religions originating from the Middle East
  • discuss the major figures associated with the three monotheistic religions
  • discuss significant people and beliefs associated with Islam
  • describe achievements, contributions, and key people related to the Islamic Golden Age
  • analyze how the Byzantine Empire continued the old Roman Empire and how it was different
  • describe causes and effects of the iconoclast controversy and the Great Schism
  • identify important people associated with the Byzantine Empire
  • locate the extent of the Byzantine territory at the height of the empire

Module 2:

  • identify and describe the achievements of influential rulers in Medieval Europe
  • identify important Islamic and Christian figures associated with the Crusades
  • identify the course and consequences of the Crusades
  • identify key figures in art, architecture, and literature during the Middle Ages
  • identify the key intellectual achievements of the Middle Ages
  • determine what factors led to the rise of a modern economy
  • trace the growth and development of national identity in France, Spain, and England
  • describe developments in medieval English legal and constitutional history and their importance to the rise of modern democratic institutions and procedures
  • describe the rise and achievements of significant rulers in medieval Europe
  • summarize the major cultural, economic, political, and religious developments in medieval Japan

Module 3:

  • identify key significant economic, political, and social characteristics of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
  • examine the factors leading to the downfall of empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
  • employ applicable units of measurement and scale to solve simple locational problems using maps and globes
  • economic, political, and social developments in East, West, and South Africa
  • trace the growth of major sub-Saharan African kingdoms and empires
  • locate the major civilizations of Mesoamerica and Andean South America
  • appreciate the artistic contributions of early Mesoamerica and the Andes
  • analyze the legacies of the Olmec, Zapotec, and Chavin on later Meso and South American civilizations
  • describe the roles of people in the Maya, Inca, and Aztec societies
  • compare the key economic, cultural, and political characteristics of the major civilizations of Meso and South America
  • determine the impact of significant Meso and South American rulers such as Pacal the Great, Moctezuma I, and Huayna Capac

Module 4:

  • discuss the social and economic impacts of pandemics on society
  • describe the causes and effects of the Black Death and the Great Famine on 14th-century European societies
  • identify the economic and political causes for the rise of the Italian city-states (Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome, Venice)
  • identify the major artistic, literary, and technological contributions of individuals during the Renaissance
  • summarize religious reforms associated with Luther, Calvin, Zwingli, Henry VIII, and John of Leyden and the effects of the Reformation on Europe
  • analyze the Roman Catholic Church’s response to the Protestant Reformation in the forms of the Counter and Catholic Reformation
  • summarize the causes that led to the Age of Exploration, and identify major voyages and sponsors
  • analyze the effects of transportation, trade, communication, science, and technology on the preservation and diffusion of culture
  • evaluate the scope and impact of the Columbian Exchange on Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas
  • examine the various economic and political systems of Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, France, and England in the Americas
  • recognize the practice of slavery and other forms of forced labor experienced during the 13th through 17th centuries in East Africa, West Africa, Europe, Southwest Asia, and the Americas
  • explain the origins, developments, and impact of the trans-Atlantic slave trade between West Africa and the Americas

Module 5:

  • identify the physical characteristics and the human characteristics that define and differentiate regions
  • interpret population growth and other demographic data for any given place
  • compare the causes and effects of the development of constitutional monarchy in England with those of the development of absolute monarchy in France, Spain, and Russia
  • describe how ideas from the Middle Ages and Renaissance led to the Scientific Revolution
  • describe how scientific theories and methods of the Scientific Revolution challenged those of the early classical and medieval periods
  • identify the major contributions of individuals associated with the Scientific Revolution
  • identify major scientific figures of the 20th century
  • identify major scientific breakthroughs of the 20th century
  • assess their impact of scientific breakthroughs on contemporary life
  • identify major causes of the Enlightenment
  • summarize the major ideas of Enlightenment philosophers
  • evaluate the impact of Enlightenment ideals on the development of economic, political, and religious structures in the Western world
  • analyze the extent to which the Enlightenment impacted the American and French Revolutions
  • summarize the important causes, events, and effects of the French Revolution including the rise and rule of Napoleon
  • evaluate the role of history in shaping identity and character

Module 6:

  • describe the causes and effects of 19th-century Latin American and Caribbean independence movements led by people including Bolivar, de San Martin, and L’ Ouverture
  • describe the agricultural and technological innovations that led to industrialization in Great Britain and its subsequent spread to continental Europe, the United States, and Japan
  • summarize the social and economic effects of the Industrial Revolution
  • compare the philosophies of capitalism, socialism, and communism as described by Adam Smith, Robert Owen, and Karl Marx
  • analyze the causes and effects of imperialism
  • identify major events in China during the 19th and early 20th centuries related to imperialism
  • students will summarize the causes, key events, and effects of the unification of Italy and Germany
  • describe the 19th and early 20th century social and political reforms and reform movements and their effects in Africa, Asia, Europe, the United States, the Caribbean, and Latin America
  • compare post-war independence movements in African, Asian, and Caribbean countries
  • analyze the successes and failures of democratic reform movements in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, and Latin America

Module 7:

  • analyze the causes of World War I, including the formation of European alliances and the roles of imperialism, nationalism, and militarism
  • describe the changing nature of warfare during World War I
  • summarize significant effects of World War I
  • describe the causes and effects of the German economic crisis of the 1920s and the global depression of the 1930s, and analyze how governments responded to the Great Depression
  • describe the rise of authoritarian governments in the Soviet Union, Italy, Germany, and Spain, and analyze the policies and main ideas of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Francisco Franco
  • trace the causes and key events related to World War II
  • identify the wartime strategy and post-war plans of the Allied leaders
  • summarize the causes and effects of President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan
  • analyze the restriction of individual rights and the use of mass terror against populations in the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and occupied territories
  • explain the causes, events, and effects of the Holocaust (1933-1945) including its roots in the long tradition of anti-Semitism, 19th century ideas about race and nation, and Nazi dehumanization of the Jews and other victims
  • explain cultural, historical, and economic factors and governmental policies that created the opportunities for ethnic cleansing or genocide in Cambodia, the Balkans, Rwanda, and Darfur, and describe various governmental and non-governmental responses to them
  • describe the effects of World War II

Module 8:

  • describe the United States- and Soviet-aligned states of Europe, and contrast their political and economic characteristics
  • describe the impact of the early Cold War
  • compare conflicting interpretations or schools of thought about world events and individual contributions to history
  • use political maps to describe the change in boundaries and governments within continents over time
  • summarize key developments in post-war China
  • summarize the causes and effects of the arms race and proxy wars in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East
  • identify the factors that led to the decline and fall of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe
  • explain the 20th-century background for the establishment of the modern state of Israel in 1948 and the ongoing military and political conflicts between Israel and the Arab-Muslim world
  • describe the rise and goals of nationalist leaders in the post-war era and the impact of their role on their societies
  • describe the causes and effects of 20th-century nationalist conflicts
  • describe the causes and effects of post-World War II economic and demographic changes
  • use geographic terms and tools to explain cultural diffusion throughout places, regions, and the world
  • analyze the rise of regional trade blocs, such as the European Union and NAFTA, and predict the impact of increased globalization in the 20th and 21st centuries
  • describe the factors and processes that contribute to the differences between developing and developed regions of the world
  • analyze the rise of religious fundamentalism and radical ideas in the 20th century
  • describe the changing face of modern war
  • explain global military, political, and psychological responses to terrorism


Offerings and courses subject to change. Please refer to the VTVLC Student Information System as the most up-to-date resource of current offerings and required materials for courses.